Craps can be an intimidating game for the beginner. The table seems to have about a hundred different kinds of bets. Critical to the understanding of craps is that it is a game of rounds. The first roll in a round is called the come out roll. Sometimes the outcome of a round will be determined on the come out roll. In particular a 2, 3, 7, 11, or 12 on the come out roll immediately ends a round. If any other total is rolled (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10) that number is called the point. The dealer will place a white puck on an area of the table to designate what the point is, in case you forget. If a point is rolled the dice will be rolled continuously until the same point is rolled again or a 7.
CRAPS GAME PLAY
To play the game of Craps, place your bets by placing chips on the Craps table.
Click the casino chip icons to add chips to your hand. Click the chips in your hand to remove them.
To place a bet, click on the region of the table for the type of bet you wish to place. The chips in your hand will be placed on the table. Green areas indicate bets that can be placed (added to); conversely, red areas indicate bets that cannot be made.
To remove a bet from the table, right click on the bet. The amount of chips in your hand will be removed from the stack on the table.
When you have finished placing bets on the table, click the Roll button to start the dice rolling.
After the dice come to a rest, losing bets are removed from the table, and winning bets are paid. For winning bets, the original bet amount is returned after the winnings are paid out. Also, any bets that tie (push) are returned.
If you wish to make the same bets again for the next roll, press the Repeat Bet button and all of your previous bets will be placed again (those that can be validly placed).
All bets have to be made prior to rolling the dice.
The Pass Line
The pass line is the most fundamental bet in craps, almost every player at the table bets on it. The house edge on the pass line is only 1.41%, which is not bad compared to most other bets on the table and other games in the casino.
The pass line is an even money bet. You start by placing your bet on the pass line area on the table on a come out roll. If the come out roll is a 7 or 11 you win, which is also called a "natural". If the come out roll is a 2, 3, or 12 (craps) you lose. If any point is rolled on the come out roll if the point is rolled again before a 7 you win. If a 7 comes before the point you lose. That is all there is to it. Once you understand the pass line bet you are ready to play craps. You may want to practice using fun money a few times before playing for real money.
Buying the Odds
Have you ever wanted a bet with no house edge? Craps offers just such a bet, as long as you bet on the pass line first. Once a point has been thrown you may bet up to some multiple, usually 2 times, your pass line bet on the 'odds.' The odds are simply an additional wager that the point will be rolled before a 7. Because the probability of the point being rolled first is less than 50% you win more than you bet if it happens. Specifically if the point is a 6 or 8 the odds pay 6:5, if the point is a 5 or 9 the odds pay 3:2, and if the point is a 4 or 10 the odds pay 2:1.
The multiple you may bet on the odds is usually twice the pass line bet for points of 4,5,9, and 10, and two and a half times the pass line bet on the 6 and 8. The reason you may bet more on a point of 6 or 8 is so that you can place a R5 odds bet on top of a R2 pass line bet. A R4 odds bet on a 6 or 8 would win R4.80. A R5 odds bet on the 6 or 8 wins an even R6.
|4 or 10||2:1||R10||R20||R30|
|5 or 9||3:2||R10||R15||R25|
|6 or 8||5:6||R10||R12||R22|
The table below shows the house edge when you combine the pass line and odds:
|Combined house edge on the pass line and buying odds|
|Full double odds||0.572%|
The don't pass is almost the opposite of the pass line bet. If the come out roll is a 2 or 3 then you win, a 7 or 11 you lose. A 12 is a push. Otherwise the dice are rolled over and over until either the point or a 7 is rolled. If the 7 comes before the point you win.
A person betting on the don't pass is not the wager of choice by many players, since this bet is betting against the shooter. This is also called a "wrong" bettor and is usually winning when everyone else is losing, and vice versa.
The house edge on the don't pass bet is 1.364%.
Laying the Odds
This is the opposite of buying odds, in other words betting that a 7 will be rolled before the point.
If the point is a 4 or 10 the don't odds pay 1:2.
If the point is a 5 or 9 the don't odds pay 2:3.
If the point is a 6 or 8 the don't odds pay 5:6.
Have you ever become bored waiting for a point to be thrown and didn't want to waste your money on the sucker bets to guarantee a money flow on every throw? If so then try the come bet. It is like the pass line bet but may be made at any time. Like the pass line bet you might also put money on the odds if a point is thrown on the first roll after the come bet is placed and has a house edge of 1.41%.
There is a nuance to the come bet the player should know about. If a point is thrown and there are still active come bets on the table waiting for a different point then special rules apply for the following come out roll. The come out roll will still apply to active come bets but it will not apply to their respective odds bets. In the event a come bet is resolved on a come out roll then the odds bet will be returned.
A good strategy for the player who likes constant action is to have a new bet on either the pass line or come on every throw, and to always take the maximum allowable odds.
This bet is one of the more exciting bets to make in Craps. A lot of players use this bet to get more numbers working for them at the same time, six in all.
What the don't pass is to the pass, the don't come is to the come. If the shooter rolls a 2 or 3, you win. A 12 constitutes a tie. You lose on 7 or 11. Any other number is the "come point". You win if a seven is rolled before the come point and lose if the come point is rolled before a 7 is rolled.
The Place Number Bets
In craps the 4,5,6,8,9, and 10 are known as the "place numbers." For the player who must have money on some or all of them immediately they may make certain bets to cover any place number(s) they desire. These bets work just like the odds but pay worse odds, with the exception of the "hard way" bets, which are described below. Like odds bets on top of come or don't come bets,place number bets are on during a come out roll. These bets can be removed at any time.
There is a high price for impatience in craps in the form of a higher house edge. To further exploit the impatient or ignorant player there can be two or three different bets on the exact same thing, and they will all pay different odds. You might think players would only bet on the option with the best odds but you would be quite wrong, it is routine to see players throwing their money away on the higher house edge versions of the same bet. For example the place bet on 6, the buy bet on 6, and the big 6 all are betting that a 6 will be rolled before a 7 but pay 7:6, 24:21, and 1:1 respectively, for house edges of 1.52%, 4.76%, and 9.09%. Specific descriptions of the various bets are below.
Big 6: A bet that a 6 will be rolled before a 7. Pays even money, house edge of 9.09%.
Big 8: same as the Big 6 only that an 8 will be rolled before a 7.
Buy Bets: This is essentially the same as the place bet, only with a different payoff. The player may "buy" any of the points (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10), which means to bet that the number will be rolled before a 7. When making a buy bet you must pay a 4% commission and your bet will pay fair odds if it wins. Fair odds are 2:1 on the 4 and 10, 3:2 on the 5 and 9, and 6:5 on the 6 and 8. Another way to look at it is that the buy bet pays 48:25 on the 4 and 10, 36:25 on the 5 and 9, and 144:125 on the 6 and 8. The pay out on all bets will be rounded down to the nearest quarter. The house edge on all buy bets is 4.76%.
Hard Ways: There are four different hard way bets. For example a hard 4 bet is betting that a pair of twos will be rolled before a 7 or any other way to roll a total of 4. This is called "the hard way" because it is harder to roll two twos than a one and a three. Likewise you can bet on a hard 6, 8, or 10, each of which is a bet that the hard way of rolling the given number will occur before a 7 or any "easy" way.
The casino pays 7:1 on a hard 4 or 10 with a house edge of 11.11%.
The casino pays 9:1 on a hard 6 or 8 with a house edge of 9.09%.
Lay Bets: The lay bet is the opposite of the buy bet and the same as the place bet to lose but with different paybacks. The lay bets may be placed on the 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10. The bet itself is that a 7 will be rolled before the number you choose. Because the 7 is the most likely number to be rolled you will wager more than you can win. The player must pay a 4% commission on the possible winnings and the fair odds are paid on the bet itself. Fair odds are 1:2 on the 4 and 10, 2:3 on the 5 and 9, and 5:6 on the 4 and 8. Another way to look at it is that lay bet pays 12:25 on the 4 and 10, 16:25 on the 5 and 9, and 12:15 on the 6 and 8. The house edge on the 4 and 10 is 2.44%, on the 5 and 9 it is 3.23%, and on the 6 and 8 it is 4.00%. Note that the house edge on the lay bet is lower than the place bet to lose on the 4 and 10 only, if you want to make a lay bet on the 5, 6, 8, or 9 you would be advised to make a place to lose instead.
Place Bets: This is very similar to laying odds. You may bet on a 4,5,6,8,9, or 10. If the number you bet on is rolled before a 7 then you win according to payoff schedule below. Unlike laying odds you don't need to have a pass line bet, you don't have to bet on the point, but there is a house edge.
A place bet on 4 or 10 pays 9:5 with a house edge of 6.67%, you bet R10, win R18
A place bet on 5 or 9 pays 7:5 with a house edge of 4.00%, you bet R10, win 14
A place bet on 6 or 8 pays 7:6 with a house edge of only 1.52%, you bet R12, win R14
When a place bet wins, you are paid your winnings and your original bet is returned. You may take back an active place bet at any time.
The table below is a summary of the various place number bets for quick comparison :
|Big 6||6 before 7||1:1||9.09%|
|Big 8||8 before 7||1:1||9.09%|
|Buy (4)||4 before 7||48:25||4.76%|
|Buy (5)||5 before 7||36:25||4.76%|
|Buy (6)||6 before 7||144:125||4.76%|
|Buy (8)||8 before 7||144:125||4.76%|
|Buy (9)||9 before 7||36:25||4.76%|
|Buy (10)||10 before 7||48:25||4.76%|
|Hard 4||Hard 4 before 7 or easy 4||7:1||11.11%|
|Hard 6||Hard 6 before 7 or easy 6||9:1||9.09%|
|Hard 8||Hard 8 before 7 or easy 8||9:1||9.09%|
|Hard 10||Hard 10 before 7 or easy 10||7:1||11.11%|
|Lay (4)||7 before 4||12:25||2.44%|
|Lay (5)||7 before 5||16:25||3.23%|
|Lay (6)||7 before 6||12:15||4.00%|
|Lay (8)||7 before 8||12:15||4.00%|
|Lay (9)||7 before 9||16:25||3.23%|
|Lay (10)||7 before 10||12:25||2.44%|
|Place (4)||4 before 7||9:5||6.67%|
|Place (5)||5 before 7||7:5||4.00%|
|Place (6)||6 before 7||7:6||1.52%|
|Place to (8)||8 before 7||7:6||1.52%|
|Place to (9)||9 before 7||7:5||4.00%|
|Place to (10)||10 before 7||9:5||6.67%|
A field bet is a one-roll bet. If the shooter rolls a 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11 or 12, you win even money with the exception of 2 which pays 2:1 or 12, which pays either 2:1 or3:1. Please see below for more explanation on field bets under Proposition Bets.
The Proposition Bets
Proposition bets either win or lose on the next throw. In general these have the highest house edge of all the craps bets and for the player with any sense are to be avoided completely. Specific descriptions of the various bets are below.
Craps 2: A bet that a 2 will be thrown on the next roll. Pays 30:1. House edge 13.89%.
Craps 3: A bet that a 3 will be thrown on the next roll. Pays 15:1. House edge 11.11%.
7: A bet that a 7 will be thrown on the next roll. Pays 4:1. House edge 16.67%.
11: A bet that an 11 will be thrown on the next roll. Pays 15:1. House edge 11.11%.
Craps 12: A bet that a 12 will be thrown on the next roll. Pays 30:1. House edge 13.89%.
Any Craps: A bet that the next roll will be a 2, 3, or 12. Pays 7:1. House edge 11.11%.
Field Bet: This is a one time bet that the next roll will be a 2,3,4,9,10,11, or 12. The 3,4,9,10, and 11 pay even money. The 2 pays 2:1. The 12 usually pays 3:1 but some tight casinos only pay 2:1. If the 12 pays 2:1 the house edge is 5.56%, if the 12 pays 3:1 the house edge is 2.78%. On the surface this seems like a great bet because 7 numbers win and only 4 lose. However the 4 that lose are much more likely to be rolled.
Clicking on the Roll button after placing a bet starts a new round.
Clicking on the Repeat button will repeat all the bets made on the previous round that can be validly placed now.
Clicking on the Clear button removes all the bets on the table that can be removed.
Most bets can be removed, added to, or deducted from at any time. Exceptions would be the pass and come bets, and you cannot exceed the maximum bet on the odds.
Look here to find the minimum and maximum total of the bets allowed.
When moving the cursor over the bet regions a yellow "tag" will appear that gives the name of the bet, the current amount placed for that bet, and the minimum and maximum amounts that can be placed on that bet.
If a green highlight appears in a region, that indicates this bet can be added to (changed). If a red highlight appears, this bet cannot be increased (but sometimes can be removed).